Contents of the Book

CONTENTS 

Chapter 1- Wildlife Rehabilitation

  • Why we do it?
  • What is involved?
  • When is rehabilitation not an option?

 

Chapter 2 – Coexisting with birds

  • The ethics of care
  • Why should we help disadvantaged wild animals?
  • How we can better live with and not adversely affect birds?
  • Setting up a bird friendly garden
  • Bird Friendly areas in the wider community
  • Where to find help?
  • Wildlife rehabilitation organisations and shelters
  • The Law and Caring for Wild Birds
  • How do birds come into care?
  • The  Future?

 

Chapter 3 – Identification

  • Carnivores
    • Raptors, kookaburras and butcherbirds
    • Insectivores
    • Sea birds
    • Waterbirds
    • Waders
  • Omnivores
  • Nectarivores
  • Frugivores
  • Granivores

 

Chapter 4 – Bird behaviour

  • Bird Behaviour
  • Preening and bathing
  • Communication
  • Migration
  • Intelligence
  • Predators
  • Food gathering_
  • Begging behaviour in young birds

 

Chapter 5 – General physical aspects and rehabilitation

  • Skeleton
  • Feathers
  • Digestive system
  • Respiratory System
  • The Senses
    • Vision
    • Hearing
    • Smell and other senses
  • Over-stimulation
  • Salt Glands in Sea Birds

 

Chapter 6 – Catching a sick or injured bird

  • Useful items often used when catching and transporting birds
  • Catching with a net on the ground
  • Catching a bird using only a towel
  • Special Precautions
    • Parrots
    • Small birds
    • Large birds
    • Raptors
    • Small ducklings
  • Catching a bird that can still fly
  • Special Situations
    • Birds caught in netting covering fruit trees
    • Birds trapped in a swimming pool
    • Fishing line entanglement
    • Birds trapped in buildings
    • Large flightless birds

 

Chapter 7 – Examination

  • Dehydration
  • Body temperature
  • Head
  • Wings
  • Feathers
  • Body
  • Legs
  • Weight
  • Internal
  • Poisoning

 

Chapter 8 – First Aid 

  •     What is shock?
  •     Signs of shock
  •     Shock and dehydration
  •     Treatment for shock
  •     Stabilisation
  •     Measurement of body temperature
  •     Heat Stress
  •     Simple first aid kit for rescuers

 

Chapter 9 – Stress

  • Stages of stress
    • How do we recognise stress in a bird?
  • Types of stress
    • Immediate Physical  Stress
    • Normal Physical Stress
    • Perceived Mental stress
    • Actual Mental stress
    • Normal Mental Stress
  • Ways to reduce stress

 

Chapter 10 – Common injuries and diseases

  • Head injuries
    • Concussion
    • Eye damage
    • Beak Injuries
  • Neck injuries
    • Signs of neck injury are
  • Internal injuries
    • The signs and symptoms of possible internal injuries
  • Broken bones
    • Treatment of fractures
  • Skin tears
  • Feather damage
    • Feather Removal
    • To pluck feathers from a bird
  • Metabolic bone disease (MBD)
    • Signs of MBD
    • Treatment for MBD
  • Sticky substances on birds
    • Removal of sticky substances
  • Birds caught by a cat or a dog
    • Standard treatment for cat attack victims
  • Birds that have been shot
  • Hook and/or fishing line entanglement
  • Illness resulting from poisoning
    • Symptoms of pesticide poisoning include
    • Treatment of pesticide poisoning victims
  • Parasites
    • Signs of external parasites
    • Avoid further infestation by parasites
    • Signs for suspecting an overload of internal parasites are
    • Avoiding further parasite build up
  •  Infectious diseases
    •  Viral Diseases
      • Psittacine Beak and Feather Disease (PBFD) in parrots
      • PBFD in Lorikeets
      • PBFD in birds other than parrots
      • Treatment of PBFD
    • Aspergillosis
    • Chlamydiosis
    • Pox
  • Bacterial Infections
    • Signs of Bacterial infections
    • Bumble Foot
    • Botulism

 

Chapter 11- Housing 

  • Housing for sick / injured / or young birds
  • The Essential Aviary Requirements
  • General
    • Cover
    • Size
    • Plants
    • Floor
    • Compost
    • Food
    • Water
    • Exercise
  • Renovating old aviaries
  • Special Aviaries
    • Parrot Aviaries
    • Sea Bird Aviaries
  • Temporary enclosures
  • Predator exclusion
  • Housing different types of birds together
  • The external environment
  • Principles when housing many birds
  • Cage cleaning

 

Chapter 12 – Feeding 

  • Diet
  • Weight monitoring
  • Feeding insectivorous birds
  • Food to collect
  • Food to buy
  • Food to breed
  • Types of insects found in the gizzards of native birds
    • Insects found in birds that feed in the sky include
    • Insects found in birds that feed in the upper foliage include
    • Insects found in birds that feed in middle and low foliage include
    • Insects found in birds that feed on the trunk of trees include
    • Insects found in birds that feed in shrubs include
    • Insects found in birds that feed on the ground include
    • Insects found in birds that obtain their feed from underground include
    • Foods eaten by insect-eating birds that feed in water include
    • Insects found in birds that feed on other animals include
  • Presentation of insects for birds
    • Feeding nectarivarous birds
    • Feeding granivorous birds
    • Feeding frugivorous birds
    • Feeding wading birds
    • Feeding sea birds
    • Feeding carnivorous birds
  • Don’t use dog or cat food because
  • Feeding debilitated birds
  • How to force-feed a bird
  • How to crop-feed a bird
  • Some emergency diets

 

Chapter 13 – Orphaned birds 

  • Branchers
  • Young birds handled by humans
  • Young birds that are not injured
  • Young birds that have fallen from the nest
  • Types of young birds
  • Housing for Precocial Young
  • Housing for Altricial Young
  • Vitamin D
  • Immediate care of an unfledged bird
  • Normal behaviours for young birds
  • Average feed rates for some common birds
  • Preening and bathing
  • Sleep and rest
  • Identification of young birds
  • Moving a bird from nest to aviary
  • Weaning to self feeding
  • Educating a bird to normal behaviour
  • Imprinting
    • What is it?
    • Precautions to take to avoid it
    • What happens if a bird is imprinted
    • Can it be reversed?
    • How do you tell if a bird is imprinted
    • What can be done to reduce the affects of imprinting

 

Chapter 14 – Release Preparation 

  • Habitat
  • Group acceptance
  • Weather
  • Time
  • Migration
  • The Type Of Release

 

Chapter 15 – Care Plans

  • Care plans are presented for the various bird groups and some individual species
  • Raptor care guidelines – requirements of NSW National Parks & Wildlife Service

 

Appendices

  • I. Weight ranges of some birds in the wild
  • II. Migratory bird’ arrival and departure dates
  • III. Making a feeding puppet
  • IV. Building a flight aviary
  • V. Calorie and Energy requirement charts
  • VI. Wildlife organisations in Australia

Bibliography